Clarity on the various avenues of communication allows team members to effectively get work done, understand their roles, and know where to find the information they need about work. Establishing a communication plan can help you do all of these things in a way that’s easy for your team to follow. Tuckman’s original work simply described the way he had observed groups evolve, whether they were conscious of it or not. In CORAL, the real value is in recognizing where a team is in the developmental stage process, and assisting the team to enter a stage consistent with the collaborative work put forth. In the real world, teams are often forming and changing, and each time that happens, they can move to a different Tuckman Stage.

performing stage of group development

Tuckman only added the fifth and final stage in 1977, together with Mary Ann C. Jensen who had previously reviewed his original paper. The interconnectedness of the roles of mentors and mentees in pre-service teacher education mentoring relationships.Australian Journal of Teacher Education ,35, 42. Michael Buono, CEO of New York developer and contractor Mulberry talks to BHN about attention to detail and evoking emotion in a building’s end user. Rickards and Moger proposed a similar extension to the Tuckman model when a group breaks out of its norms, through a process of creative problem-solving. Your team has made it through the stormy weather of the previous stage. As team members get to know each other, they are ready to move to the next stage.

What Is Group? Definition, Types, Characteristics, Stages Of Group Development, Features

Each Forming Storming Norming Performing phase outlines the various team members’ roles and behaviors. This also helps team leaders to anticipate risks and issues as their teams complete a project. A team will successfully complete the project if they follow the steps as they are laid out.

In the Performing stage, the team makes significant progress towards its goals. Commitment to the team’s mission is high and the competence of team members is also high. Team members should continue to deepen their knowledge and skills, including working to continuously improving team development. Accomplishments in team process or progress are measured and celebrated. Group members are not only comfortable with one another, but they’re also comfortable with their work and expectations.

By understanding and navigating these stages, group members can more effectively work together and achieve their goals. The norming stage is the time where the group becomes a cohesive unit. Morale what are the four stages of team development is high as group members actively acknowledge the talents, skills and experience that each member brings to the group. The second stage of group development is known as the storming stage.

  • At its peak, the group moves into the fourth stage of group development, known as the performing stage.
  • And, what’s most important, they trust that everyone involved will do their share of the work.
  • They worked through their differences and priorities to find new strengths as a team all the way.
  • Tuckman’s foundation helps team leaders understand how team dynamics change as a project progresses.
  • If the team manages standards and expectations well, members can be at ease in expressing their ideas and emotions.
  • As the team begins to move towards its goals, members discover that the team can’t live up to all of their early excitement and expectations.

While the group continues to perform productively they also need time to manage their feelings of termination and transition. In this stage of group development, individual members are just getting to know each other and don’t have a group process yet. At this stage, the group isn’t very productive, as they’re still getting acclimated and figuring out the role that each person will play on the team. Psychologist Bruce Tuckman was the first to document the different phases that teams go through as they develop. In this article, we discuss the different stages of group development and how you can guide your team through them to optimize collaboration. Clarify the expected stages of group development right from the start, to highlight that conflicts and problems throughout the project are normal, and not a sign of failure.

Tuckman’s 5 stages of group development

As a leader, here you should make sure that things are working according to your plans. True interdependence is the norm of this stage of group development. The team is flexible as individuals adapt to meet the needs of other team members. This is a highly productive stage both personally and professionally. This stage begins to occur as the process of organizing tasks and processes surface interpersonal conflicts.

performing stage of group development

During the Storming stage, members are trying to see how the team will respond to differences and how it will handle conflict. The principal work for the team during the Forming stage is to create a team with clear structure, goals, direction and roles so that members begin to build trust. During the Forming stage, much of the team’s energy is focused on defining the team so task accomplishment may be relatively low. Groups go through various stages of development as they form, grow, and mature.

Tuckman Model: understanding the stages of team formation

Those responsible for team development can use Tuckman’s model to help guide the team through each of the stages. A group can move in different possible directions from the performing stage of group development. If the group was created for a specific task or project, the group will be ready to move to the adjourning stage, when it completes its work.

performing stage of group development

For a big and successful business, the idea “If you want to do it well do it yourself” doesn’t work. A group of united and skilled professionals is usually behind a high-quality service or a product. So, if you aim to have a profitable, sustainable empire, you need a close-knit team to make it happen.

Adjourning Stage

A group might be happily Norming or Performing, but a new member might force them back into Storming, or a team member may miss meetings causing the team to fall back into Storming. Project guides will be ready for this, and will help the team get back to Performing as quickly as possible. For smaller, cross-functional teams, use your main project objective for your team’s mission statement.

In some cases, the Norming Stage may often be intersected by the Storming Stage. It may even revert to it unless the team makes the effort to communicate problems, and then learn from these interactions. They’re now left with 120 sq feet and 4 types of vegetables, so they decide to use 30 sq feet for each vegetable type.

Differences among members are appreciated and used to enhance the team’s performance. The most commonly used framework for a team’s stages of development was developed in the mid-1960s by Bruce W. Tuckman. Competence in all members is seen, allowing for a high level of autonomy in decision making. Problem solving, experimentation and testing possible solutions are high as group members are focused on task completion and achievement. The overall objective of the group during the performing stage is to complete their mission.

performing stage of group development

Play team-building games to develop stronger and more trustful relationships in the team. We put “future” here because the members are not united by the same aim just yet. At the moment, they don’t know their roles for the project well and heavily rely on the leader’s decisions.

Stage 2: Storming

In this article, let’s see some of the performing stage activities. The team meets and learns about the opportunities and challenges, and then agrees on goals and begins to tackle the tasks. They may be motivated but are usually relatively uninformed of the issues and objectives of the team.


This can lead to conflict, disputes, and competition, depending on how their expectations, workflows, ideas, and opinions differ. Now, these 5 stages are vital to help you anticipate your team effectiveness, i.e. your ability to be efficient and productive with your work, both as individuals and as a group. Well-developed teaching skills for training and encouraging the team to work autonomously, at the latter stages of group development. Although some conflicts may arise at this stage, the team successfully resolves them without any participation from the leader.

What is Group Development?

This involves removing all the blockages that may come their way with the right efforts and strategy. They should be able to make better decisions, perform better, and complete tasks with minimal supervision. If group members are able to evolve to stage four, their capacity, range, and depth of personal relations expand to true interdependence. In this stage, people can work independently, in subgroups, or as a total unit with equal competencies. The major drawback of the norming stage is that members may begin to fear the inevitable future breakup of the team; they may resist change of any sort. Learn what forecasting in project management is and how to improve it….

Performing Stage

Mentors can also encourage and support the hard work that the group is doing to achieve its goals. Group Norms All groups have established norms — acceptable standards of behaviour shared by their members that express what they ought and ought not to do under certain circumstances. The members appropriately direct workflow and are able to bring up potential issues, reliably resolve conflicts and embrace creative or unconventional ideas. This high level of performance means that all team members are self-sufficient and confident enough with their problem-solving skills to be able to work without supervision by leaders.

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