More than 72.9% of Kenya’s population lives in rural areas. According to a recent report by the Human Rights Watch, 63.2% of the said rural population is without proper water infrastructures. This forces many to resort to unsafe alternatives such as seasonal streams, earth ponds, and unprotected hand-dug wells. These sources are often exposed to an array of microbiological pollutants that spread diseases such as cholera, bilharzia and typhoid.
In the developed areas of Kenya where some form of water infrastructures do exist, proper maintenance to ensure upkeep is often neglected. This can lead to shut-offs, leaving thousands without water to bathe, flush toilets, cook, and drink. When tap water does flow, it is often contaminated with sewage.